P. Selvakumar, a 33-year-old farm labourer from the southern state of Tamil Nadu, married the four-year-old stray bitch after it was bathed and processed to his village temple dressed in an orange sari and garlanded with flowers.
The marriage took place on the advice of the man's astrologer who said it was the only way to atone for his actions of more than 20 years ago.
He was reported to have suffered a series of physical ailments after stoning the dogs to death and hanging their bodies from a tree.
“After that my legs and hands got paralyzed and I lost hearing in one ear,” said Mr Selvakumar after the ceremony with his new "bride", whose name is Selvi.
A reception attended by some 200 guests was held for the newlyweds in the groom's house during which Selvi grew restless and ran away.
However she was subsequently recaptured and returned to her husband who gave her milk and a bun to eat.
It is understood that the groom is still free to find a human wife should he be inclined.
Mr Selvakumar is not the first man to have hit the headlines for having romantic relations with animals.
Last year a Sudanese man was forced to marry a goat after village elders discovered him having sex with her. The goat died shortly afterwards.