Trump announced four executive actions on Saturday, including a temporary payroll tax deferral for some workers and continued expanded unemployment benefits, as the coronavirus pandemic continues to hobble the U.S. economy.
The moves were criticized by Democrats and some Republicans as, variously, proving little real help, an unconstitutional power grab from Congress, and a backhanded way to defund Social Security and Medicare, critical programs for millions of American retirees.
“Unilaterally eliminating the payroll tax and ignoring Congress’s power of the purse on funding unemployment insurance will do nothing to help Americans recover,” Representative Maxine Waters, chair of the House Financial Services Committee, said in a statement.
Trump’s actions could imperil negotiations with congressional Democrats over an additional coronavirus relief package, with the two sides trillions of dollars apart on key issues. The president, though, said he’d continue to negotiate with Democrats.
The “meager” policy announcements were “unworkable, weak and narrow,” and by pushing off payroll taxes for some, “endanger seniors’ Social Security and Medicare,” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer said in a joint statement.
Trump said his action authorizes the U.S. Treasury to allow companies to defer -- not suspend -- payroll taxes for Americans making less than $100,000 a year from Sept. 1 through Dec. 31. He said if he’s re-elected in November, he may extend the deferral and terminate the tax for some workers.
”This fake tax cut would also be a big shock to workers who thought they were getting a tax cut when it was only a delay,” Senator Ron Wyden, the ranking Democrat on the Senate Finance Committee, said in a statement. “These workers would be hit with much bigger payments down the road.”
Representative Richard Neal of Massachusetts, chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, said Trump was focused on undermining retired Americans’ financial security.
“This decree is a poorly disguised first step in an effort to fully dismantle these vital programs by executive fiat,” Neal said in a statement.
The president said another move would provide $400 a week in jobless benefits -- down from $600 weekly that had been provided through last week, authorized by a Congressional stimulus bill in March -- and that states would be responsible for covering 25% of that cost.
The administration is directing states to use part of the $150 billion Coronavirus Relief Fund, while the federal government will tap on $44 billion of the existing $70 billion Disaster Relief Fund, said Andrew Husby, an economist for Bloomberg Economics.
“Because the Trump plan taps a limited pool of existing funds to extend unemployment benefits at $400 per week, there is a high risk they run short ahead of the election,” Husby said.
Neal said the plan was cumbersome: “What the President outlines is likely legally and logistically impossible to execute in nearly every state, not to mention that the proposed funding falls far short of what would be required.’
To act on his own, the president is relying on an expansive and controversial reading of executive power that likely will face legal challenges. Trump’s advisers say executive action could pressure Democrats to reduce their demands and allow him to argue to voters that he’s looking out for their well-being amid congressional inaction.
Republican Senator Ben Sasse of Nebraska said of Trump’s actions, “the pen-and-phone theory of executive lawmaking is unconstitutional slop,” adding that the president “does not have the power to unilaterally rewrite the payroll tax law.”
Even Senator Lindsey Graham, a close Trump ally, said in a tweet that he “would much prefer a congressional agreement.”
But the gambit risks alienating Democratic lawmakers and decreasing the odds for a deal that both sides say is necessary to help the economy recover from a pandemic that’s decimated industries and left nearly 160,000 Americans dead so far.
“Unable to deliver for the American people in a time of crisis, Donald Trump offered a series of half-baked measures today,” Democratic nominee Joe Biden said in a statement. “He is laying out his roadmap to cutting Social Security.”