Why farmers in India commit suicide?
Indian Agriculture And Indian Farmer
India is highly dependent on agriculture. The agriculture sector covers 70% of the population. But farmer’s suicide has been a big issue for the country for the past two decades. Although the government came up with many solutions, nothing had worked efficiently till now.
There are two main groups observed in the victims, cultivators, and laborers. Rich or established farmers find solutions for their problems. Let us discuss the reasons for farmers to commit suicide.
The government thought of a loan waiver as the solution for this. Also, the government organized various schemes and policies for farmers, but sometimes, it became imperative for the government to find other reasons to explain why it failed to contain farmer suicides.
But sometimes in the thought of getting the compensatory money farmers to kill themselves to pay those debts. In some cases, false accusations had come to show that farmers have committed suicide. But the state was keeping an eye on this. Each farmer's suicide was investigated properly before sanctioning any amount to the family members. Due to the burdens of debt, farmers could not be wise enough in making decisions.
Reasons Observed For Farmers Suicides:
- More expense than income: It is one of the main reasons for the devastated financial conditions of small farmers. The revenue generated with produced quantity is lesser than the initial investment. As it results in the burden of loans.
- Traditional farming / no use of technology: Very few farmers use advanced technology for farming. They are dependent on the traditional way of farming. But they are not able to see the opportunity to enhance their products with the help of advanced technology. It results in better crop quality and fewer efforts rather than the traditional way of farming. Less production will lead to stagnant growth and increasing inflation, these are the reasons farmers can not cope with the current or future situations. Hence small farmers always have higher expenses than that of their income.
- Absence of water management: More than 50 % of Indian farmers depend on rainwater and the water supplies like rivers. No irrigation techniques to save water. No storage plans for water. This leads to water crisis of water supply to your farms. very few farmers are careful about their water usage.